FIN621- Financial Statement Analysis (Session - 1)
FIN621 Question No: 1 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following arrangement is used to maintain the accounts?
FIN621 Question No: 2 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following represents the main step(s) of accounting cycle?
► Recording the transactions
► Classifying the transactions
► Ordering, summarizing, counting the transactions
► Recording, classifying, summarizing transactions
FIN621 Question No: 3 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Blankenship Company pays its employees every Friday for work rendered that week. The payroll is typically Rs.10,000 per week. Which of the following journal entries would Blankenship ordinarily record on the Friday payday?
► Salary expense Rs. 10,000 - Debit; Salary payable Rs. 10,000 - Credit
► Salary expense Rs. 10,000 - Debit; Cash Rs. 10,000 - Credit
► Salary payable Rs. 10,000 - Debit; Cash Rs. 10,000 - Credit
► Salary payable Rs. 10,000 - Debit; Salary expense Rs. 10,000 - Credit
FIN621 Question No: 4 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Retained earnings change over time because of several factors. Which of the following factors would explain an INCREASE in retained earnings?
► Net Income
► Dividends payment
► Investment by the stockholders
► Net Loss
FIN621 Question No: 5 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which one of the following statements is TRUE regarding distributions to stockholders?
► The payment of dividends is not directly related to the profits of a given period
► Shareholders can individually decide on their distributions
► To receive a corporate dividend, stock must be owned on the date of declaration
► Corporate dividends reduce contributed capital and therefore, stockholders’ equity
FIN621 Question No: 6 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is the largest single expense of most merchandising firms?
► Cost of goods sold
► Rent Expense
► Amortization Expense
► Salaries Expense
FIN621 Question No: 7 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT the most common example of cash equivalents?
► Savings deposits
► Certificates of Deposit (CDs)
► Stocks of other companies
► Money market mutual funds
FIN621 Question No: 8 ( M a r k s: 1 )
The statement of cash flow does NOT assist investors, creditors and others in assessing:
► The company’s ability to generate positive cash flows in future periods
► The company’s ability to meet its obligations and to pay dividends
► The company’s needs for external financing
► The company’s ability to forecast future losses
FIN621 Question No: 9 ( M a r k s: 1 )
When using the perpetual inventory system, each time a sale is recorded the:
► Inventory account is increased
► Inventory account is decreased
► Cost of Goods Sold account is decreased
► Cost of goods available for sale decreases
FIN621 Question No: 10 ( M a r k s: 1 )
In perpetual inventory system, a return of defective merchandise is recorded by crediting __________.
► Purchase Returns
► Purchase Allowance
► Merchandise Inventory
FIN621 Question No: 11 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which factor would NOT affect the gross profit rate?
► An increase in the cost of heating the store
► An increase in the price of inventory items
► An increase in the sale of luxury items
► An increase in the use of “discount pricing” to sell merchandise
FIN621 Question No: 12 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Assets which have NO market value are called:
► Wasting assets
► Fictitious assets
► Quick assets
► Tangible assets
FIN621 Question No: 13 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Audit opinions can NOT be classified as which of the following?
► Adverse opinion
► Unqualified opinion
► Qualified opinion
► Disagreement of opinion
FIN621 Question No: 14 ( M a r k s: 1 )
The audit is NOT a necessary requirement for which of the following companies?
► Listed companies
► Sole proprietorship
FIN621 Question No: 15 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT a part of the five-year summary of a company?
► Net income/Loss
► Total assets
► Discontinued operations
► Net sales
FIN621 Question No: 16 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT a limitation of financial statements for an investor?
► It provides complete basis for the analysis of a company
► Past financial performance does not signify what will happen with the investor in future
► The financial statements are useless without the notes to the financial statements
► Unless the statements are audited their authenticity is under doubt
FIN621 Question No: 17 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT a feature of preferred shares?
► In arrears
FIN621 Question No: 18 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is a type of preferred stock that entitles the holder to a fixed dividend and, in addition, to the right to get any surplus profits after payment of agreed levels of dividends to holders of common stock?
► In arrears preferred shares
► Call able preferred shares
► Cumulative preferred shares
► Participating preferred shares
FIN621 Question No: 19 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which one of the following represents the value of shares in the market at any point of time?
► Par value
► Book value
► Face value
► Market value
FIN621 Question No: 20 ( M a r k s: 1 )
By computing component percentages for several successive balance sheets, which of the following can NOT be found?
► The increasing items
► The decreasing items
► The unchanged items
► The future profitable items
FIN621 Question No: 21 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following would NOT improve the current ratio?
► Issue long-term debt to buy inventory
► Sell common stock to reduce current liabilities
► Sell fixed assets to reduce accounts payable
► Borrow short term to finance additional fixed assets
FIN621 Question No: 22 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Krisle and Kringle's debt-to-total assets ratio is 4%. What is its debt-to-equity ratio?
FIN621 Question No: 23 ( M a r k s: 1 )
A company experiences a dramatic fall in its gross profit ratio. This could be the result of which of the following?
► An increase in competition in the company's main product market
► An increase in the incidence of bad debts
► An increase in overhead expenses
► An increase in demand for the company's products
FIN621 Question No: 24 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT an objective of fundamental analysis?
► To make projection on its business performance
► To predict the future stock price
► To evaluate its management and make internal business decisions
► To calculate its credit risk
All of the given options are objectives of fundamental analysis.
FIN621 Question No: 25 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT a goal of analysis of financial statement?
► Assess the past performance
► Asses the current financial position
► Predict the future performance of the company
► Asses the working of management in the future
FIN621 Question No: 26 ( M a r k s: 1 )
In isolation, which of the following is TRUE about a financial ratio?
► Useless piece of information
► Useful piece of information
► Useful only for past performance
► Useful only for future predictions
FIN621 Question No: 27 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Financial statement ratio analysis may be undertaken to study liquidity, turnover, profitability, and other indicators. To which does the current ratio most relate?
► Other indicator
FIN621 Question No: 28 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following would NOT result in an improved overall gross margin of a business?
► A fall in raw material prices resulting in a lower cost of sales
► Higher discounts offered to customers
► Increased selling price of existing products
► Introduction of new products with a higher gross profit margin
FIN621 Question No: 29 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following would NOT improve the return on investment ratio?
► Reducing costs
► Increasing gains
► Accelerating gains
► Issuing treasury stock
FIN621 Question No: 30 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which one of the following statement indicates the Inventory turnover ratio?
► How quickly company prepared its inventory
► How quickly company converts its inventory into cash
► How quickly company purchases its inventory
► How quickly company sells its inventory
FIN621 Question No: 31 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is the ideal position of debt ratio?
FIN621 Question No: 32 ( M a r k s: 1 )
If current assets are Rs. 15.6 million, current liabilities Rs. 11.2 million and stocks Rs. 1.8 million, what is the acid test ratio?
FIN621 Question No: 33 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is essential to conduct business activity, particularly in times of adversity?
FIN621 Question No: 34 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following explains the debit and credit rules relating to recording revenues and expenses?
► Realization and matching principle
► The effect of revenues and expenses in the owner’s equity
► Expenses appear on the left side of the income statement
► Liabilities are recorded as debit on the balance sheet
FIN621 Question No: 35 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following equations properly represents a derivation of the fundamental accounting equation?
► Assets + liabilities = owner's equity
► Assets = owner's equity
► Cash = assets
► Assets - liabilities = owner's equity
FIN621 Question No: 36 ( M a r k s: 1 )
How would the purchase of merchandise on account be represented in the buyer's records?
► Increase assets and increase expenses
► Increase assets and increase liabilities
► Increase liabilities and increase paid-in capital
► Increase liabilities and decrease assets
FIN621 Question No: 37 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of the accrual basis of accounting?
► It is simple to see what payments to vendors are outstanding
► It is easy to see how much revenue is due the company
► It is much easier to assess the overall financial health of the company
► It is much easier and cheaper to maintain
FIN621 Question No: 38 ( M a r k s: 1 )
ABC company has decided to change the inventory system from FIFO to LIFO keeping in view the raising day by day inflation threat. What different things/factors Mr Ali, the auditor of the company, will have to notify or report?
► The purpose of switching
► The existing system drawbacks
► The new system threats
► All of the above
FIN621 Question No: 39 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following elements of financial statements is MOST closely related to measurement of financial position?
FIN621 Question No: 40 ( M a r k s: 1 )
All of the following steps are considered during the formation of a company EXCEPT:
► The memorandum and articles of association of articles should be prepared
► Suitable persons should be appointed for the subscription of memorandum of association
► The election of the CEO of the company
► Registration fees should be deposited to registrar of companies and receipt of certificate of incorporation should be collected
FIN621 Question No: 41 ( M a r k s: 1 )
The basic type of capital stock issued by every corporation is known as:
► Common stock
► Preferred stock
► Class B
► Cumulative Stock
FIN621 Question No: 42 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following ratios provide a MORE penetrating measure of liquidity than does the current ratio?
► Assets Test Ratio
► Defensive interval ratio
► Investments ratio
► Current ratio
FIN621 Question No: 43 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Average payment period is calculated as:
► 365 / Accounts payable turnover
► 365 X Accounts payable turnover
► 365/ Total purchases
► Accounts payable turnover / 365
FIN621 Question No: 44 ( M a r k s: 1 )
Which of the following ratios indicates in days how quickly inventory is sold?
► Inventory turnover Rate
► Inventory Turnover ratio
► Operating Cycle
► Days sales of inventory
FIN621 Question No: 45 ( M a r k s: 3 )
How does working capital help management in making rationale decisions?
FIN621 Question No: 46 (M a r k s: 5 )
Consider the following information.
Cash Rs. 15,000
Beginning net receivables Rs. 55,000
Ending net receivables Rs. 57,000
Net sales Rs. 640,000
Net credit sales Rs. 480,000
Cost of goods sold Rs. 390,000
Average inventory Rs. 62,000
Compute the receivable turnover to the nearest tenth.
Receivables turn over ratio = Net credit sales /Average Debtors
= 640,000 / [(55,000+57,000)/2]
= 640,000 / 56,000
FIN621 Question No: 47 (M a r k s: 5 )
Assume that you are a commercial loan officer at a large bank. One of your clients recently submitted an application for Rs. 300,000 five year loan. You have worked with this business before on numerous occasions and have periodically been forced to deal with late and missed payments attributed to cash flow problems. Thus you are surprised to see in the business plan accompanying the application that the management expects to reduce the company’s operating cycle from 190 days to 90 days. A footnote to the business plan indicates that the reduction in the operating cycle will result from a tighter credit policy and the implementation of a just-in-time inventory system.
Would the company be able to reduce the operating cycle by applying the new strategy and would you give the loan to the company on this basis?
FIN621 Question No: 48 (M a r k s: 5 )
Assume that you are a graduate student and going to form a web page consultancy firm. You are very young and compassionate to form this company. You need a bank loan of Rs.50,000 for computer equipment , as a collateral you have a bike your father gave you after securing 80% M a r k s in FSc. Not wanting to lose your bike and to protect yourself you decided to organize a corporation. Explain will it be beneficial idea for you or not.
FIN621 Question No: 49 (M a r k s: 10 )
The data shown below were taken from the financial records of J Ltd at the end of the year. The financial year of the company ends on 31, December each year.
Accounts Receivable Jan
Accounts Receivable Dec
Long Term Loan
Share Capital (Rs.10 Par)
On the basis of above information, calculate the following.
a. Debt ratio (4)
b. Debt to equity ratio (2)
c. Debt to total asset ratio (4)
FIN621 Question No: 50 ( M a r k s: 10 ) How many types of audit opinions are there? Assume that you have been appointed as an Auditor of the company, after the audit of the company, what can be your possible audit opinions. Briefly explain each of the audit opinion.