The given below extract is from a research article titled as “Communication Barriers in Distance Education.”
1. Your task is to summarize the below given extract to one third while not missing any important point. Your submitted summary should NOT be more than 280-300 words. Marks: 10
2. Since you are an e-learning student, explain the highlighted sentence (highlighted in yellow in 2nd last paragraph) with reference to your own experience of studying in VU. Marks: 5
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In order to understand the meaning of the communication in education and distance-learning, we should define the brief history of distance education which is quite popular of the new education trends in all contemporary countries or education system. Within the education communication and understanding each others of participants are very necessary. Also the communication between teacher and student is a vital element of successful distance education as well. For a successful learning and understanding of the students or instructors, there should be no barriers between sender, receiver and in a message. Therefore, all strategies of learning, teaching during the instruction should not reflect the barriers limitations.
Creating effective communication among people and establishing contacts are the survival needs of human being. People cannot live without communicating. Therefore communication makes connections for creating effective understanding, knowing information and expressing feelings. As Myers mentioned that as toothpaste and mouthwash is really not the key to social success, people should get the skills of communication by being aware of effective form of communication and its media. Sending and receiving feedback require effective communication. On the other hand, communication affects the people’s personal, social and economic needs. Communication is an activity, which can be learned, and media is a key factor that provides bridge between the communicator and receiver as being technology. In order to improve quality of communication, we should clarify meaning of communication and its effects on people’s lives and also education that is major concept on the basis of structured society. As it is known, communication is a process that includes three dimensions as linear, interactive and transactional views in different perspectives.
Linear view refers one-way communication, as being process that people could not get feedback. On the other hand, interactive view includes two-way communication by emphasizing nonverbal communication also. But it does not include simultaneously sendingreceiving feedback that transactional view underlines. Three of the views contribute people to communicate under the communication process. All of them also realize the communication barriers that are obstacles to create effective communication. Creating mutual understanding, while doing communication depends on eliminating physical, psychological and semantic barriers. Communication is vital action at all areas of people’s life. Organization, schools should handle way of effective communication in order to increase productivity at their works. Especially in education that is a tool for welfare of society in order to make people socialized, communication is needed to make people as doing desired behaviors. Because of these reasons, more clarified field of experience between sender and receiver is necessary which means preventing the barriers in communicating. People should find common points by analyzing our encoding, decoding stages and channel with eliminating our prejudice about backgrounds in order to create meaningful understanding. It is inevitable that there is no perfect communication; creating qualified communication process is needed to create permanent understanding especially in teaching-learning process and establishing reasonable communication improve meaningful learning of the students. Today with the effect of technology, traditional teaching styles gave their roles to technologybased teaching as known e-learning or distance education. Distance education is new trend in education that facilitates to everyone in order to get educated and gives options to learn better under the constructionist approach. Technological equipment become a major necessity for distance education like; audio cassette, telephone, compact disc, etc. It gives a light of flexibility but on the other hand it is a dimension of loss of motivation due to lack of face-to-face contact with teachers. Therefore, it does not mean that people can communicate without facing any barriers on distance education. There are many barriers on distance education at its teaching learning process. Basic barriers are occupied with being unaware of roles as teachers and students. While analyzing the roles of educators understanding the diversity before acting to students is necessary and realizing the contextual environment rather than tradition. Reports realized that there are distinct categories under the barriers of distance education which are; cost, motivators, feedback and teacher contact, student support and services, alienation, lack of experience and training.
On the other hand there are faculty and organizational barriers due to have lack of information about their roles on distance education. In addition to this, courses content should be updated on distance education as being another barrier too. Main consideration is to be evaluated that eliminating communication barriers should be handled in order to create effective and qualified distance education and it is basic step to define communication barriers as being survival needs of students and teachers like interpersonal communication process.
It is obvious that there are some differences among the communication in all distance learning from classroom-based learning. First of students and teachers can have psychological problems by having anxiety while they are engaging distance education. On the other hand, students and teachers can have technical barriers during communicating by having lack of experiences about technology and they can have semantic barriers in their communication by misunderstanding announcements. Therefore eliminating communication barriers is most vital and first step in order to get qualified and effective distance education.
Solution: Just Idea
Distance learning has another barrier is technical skills, Students can learn online but they gain no technical skills student just remember their lesson, copy assignments and gave exams but they don’t learn skill and universities can’t give facilities to enhance their skills. There is proper a practical session for students to work them. There is another barrier of distance education is Cost, Many institutions has high amount of fees and learner can’t afford these types of cost and this types of books are also very expensive and students can’t afford cost. There is also a lack of student motivators, feedback is also important for institutions for better performance, Student can’t know about Student support and services, alienation and also unknown from experience and training. Today with the effect of technology, traditional teaching styles gave their roles to technology based teaching as known e-learning or distance education. Distance education is new trend in education that facilitates to everyone in order to get educated and gives options to learn better under the good approach.Answer No.2
2-.VU is a motivator.
3-Feedback and teacher Contact is also good. 4-Student supports and services response quickly.